In the next 30 years condensing coal-fire units will have become the main technologies for electricity generation in Poland. Their performance (efficiency of generation, availability and reliability, flexibility of operation) will be decisive in the efforts to meet the EU requirements concerning decarbonization of the energy generation processes.

The improvement in efficiency is the main source to reduce emissions (including CO2) and save fuels. Further elimination of CO2 emissions can be achieved by its caption from flue gases. The currently proposed technologies for CO2 removal are energy-consuming, which substantially deteriorates the electricity generation net efficiency. Better capture technologies and optimal ways of integrating them with the thermal cycle depend on the further development of zero-emission coal-fired power units.


The desired technological evolution of a condensing unit towards zero-emission technologies by means of efficiency improvement and capture of carbon dioxide from flue gases requires solving many problems of systemic, technological, structural and ecological nature. The objectives of the project are as follows:

  • Development and verification of new concepts of the improvement in the cycle efficiency of condensing power stations (including those with the highest ultra-supercritical steam parameters),
  • Development and pilot scale testing of the processes of CO2 capture from flue gases,
  • Finding technological solutions to reduce efficiency losses related to the separation of CO2 from flue gases.

If these objectives are achieved, it will be possible to significantly speed up and facilitate the implementation of the highly efficient, almost zero-emission, coal-fired power unit into the Polish electricity generation system.

The objectives are consistent with the EU's energy policy and the Poland's Energy Policy until 2030. They are located in the area of fundamental challenges that the organic fuel power industry has to face, including:

  • Improvement in the efficiency of the processes of the fuel energy conversion into final forms of energy,
  • Optimal use of fuel resources,
  • Reduction in the burden on the natural environment.
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